Periodontics: Gum Diseases
Periodontal disease is one of the most common dental problems adults face, but periodontal can begin at just about any age. Periodontal disease often develops slowly and without causing any pain. Sometimes you may not notice any signs until the disease are serious and you are in danger of losing teeth. Periodontal disease can almost always be prevented, if it starts, it can be treated and it can even be turned around in its early stages.
Healthy gums and bone hold teeth firmly in place. Gums attach to teeth just below the edge of the gums. Periodontal disease affects the attachment between gums and teeth.
Periodontal disease begins with plaque. Plaque is clear and sticky and contains germs. It forms on your teeth every day. If plaque is not removed every, it hardens into tartar. Tartar cannot be removed by brushing and flossing. Tartar can lead to an infection at the point where the gums attach to the teeth. In these early stages, gum disease is called gingivitis. Your gums may be a bit red and bleed when you brush, but you may not notice anything.
As gingivitis gets worse, tiny pockets of infection form at the point of attachment. You cannot see them, but you may notice puffy gums, traces of blood on your toothbrush, or a change in the colour of your gums. Your gums will probably not be sore.